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Home PestFix Bed Bugs Guide

Bed Bugs

Bed bugs (Cimex lectularius) are parasitic insects of the cimicid family that feed exclusively on human blood.

The name of the "bed bug" is derived from their preferred habitat: warm dwellings and especially nearby or inside of beds and bedding or other sleep areas. Bed bugs are mainly active at night, but are not exclusively nocturnal.

A number of adverse health effects may result from bed bug bites, including skin rashes, psychological effects, and allergic symptoms

Adult bed bugs are light brown to reddish-brown, flattened, oval-shaped and have no hind wings. The front wings are vestigial and reduced to pad-like structures. Bed bugs have segmented abdomens with microscopic hairs that give them a banded appearance.

Adults grow to 45 mm in length and 1.53 mm wide. Newly hatched nymphs are translucent, lighter in colour and become browner as they moult and reach maturity.

Bed bugs may be mistaken for other insects, such as booklice, small cockroaches, or carpet beetles, however when warm and active, their movements are more ant-like, and like most other true bugs, they emit a characteristic disagreeable odor when crushed.

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